People's Candidate Initiative | Globalization Research | National Security Research

Secret and Illegal Policy-making

According to the Logan Act of 1799,

Any citizen of the United States, wherever he may be, who, without authority of the United States, directly or indirectly commences or carries on any correspondence or intercourse with any foreign government or any officer or agent thereof, with intent to influence the measures or conduct of any foreign government or of any officer or agent thereof, in relation to any disputes or controversies with the United States, or to defeat the measures of the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.

In United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. (1936), however, Justice Sutherland wrote in the majority opinion,

[T]he President alone has the power to speak or listen as a representative of the nation. He makes treaties with the advice and consent of the Senate; but he alone negotiates. Into the field of negotiation the Senate cannot intrude, and Congress itself is powerless to invade it.

He also wrote in his opinion the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations report to the Senate of February 15, 1816,

The President is the constitutional representative of the United States with regard to foreign nations. He manages our concerns with foreign nations, and must necessarily be most competent to determine when, how, and upon what subjects negotiation may be urged with the greatest prospect of success. For his conduct, he is responsible to the Constitution.1

Under this and other U.S. laws, it is illegal for public officials to make policy with foreign and private interests. The Council on Foreign Relations and Trilateral Commission do precisely that. Bilderberg, Bohemian Grove, and the North American Forum do it in secret. By reading our research on these groups, you can see that they are involved in setting foreign and domestic policy for the United States. They are so powerful in policy-making that they can be considered unelected governing bodies.

Due to ignorance of the groups or involvement in them, the U.S. Congress has failed to bring any attention to this issue, let alone take action to expose these crimes and punish the offenders. It is now the duty of informed U.S. citizens to educate the public about these issues, write to their senators and representatives, and confront the guilty officials about these crimes. Here is a list of just a few of the U.S. public officials who have participated in private policy and foreign affairs groups while in office in the last ten years alone:

Official Office Involvement
Evan Bayh U.S. Senator (D-IN) Bilderberg 1999
Samuel R. Berger Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Bilderberg 1997
Hillary Clinton U.S. Senator (D-NY)2 Bilderberg 2006
Jon S. Corzine U.S. Senator (D-NJ) Bilderberg 2003
Kenneth W. Dam Deputy Secretary designate at US Department of the Treasury Bilderberg 2001,
Council on Foreign Relations
Kenneth W. Dam Deputy Secretary, US Department of Treasury (2nd highest official in the U.S. Department of the Treasury) Bilderberg 2002,
Council on Foreign Relations
Viet D. Dinh Assistant Attorney General for Office of Policy Development Bilderberg 2002
Christopher J. Dodd U.S. Senator (D-CT) Bilderberg 1999, 2000, 2001,
Council on Foreign Relations
John Edwards U.S. Senator (D-NC) Bilderberg 2004
Dianne Feinstein U.S. Senator (D-CA) Council on Foreign Relations
Douglas J. Feith Undersecretary for Policy, Department of Defense Bilderberg 2004
Marc Grossman Assistant Secretary, US Department of State Bilderberg 1998
Richard N. Haass Director, Office of Policy Planning Staff, State Department Bilderberg 2003
Chuck Hagel U.S. Senator (R-NE) Bilderberg 1999, 2000, 2001
Lee H. Hamilton U.S. Congressman (D-IN) Bilderberg 1997
Caryn Hollis Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Western Hemisphere Affairs North American Forum
Allan B. Hubbard Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Bilderberg 2005, 2006, 2007
Kay Bailey Hutchison U.S. Senator (R-TX) Bilderberg 2002
Henry A. Kissinger Met regularly with President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney to offer advice on the War in Iraq.3 Bilderberg Steering Committee (annual attendee),
Council on Foreign Relations
E. Floyd Kvamme Chair, President's Council of Advisors on Science & Technology North American Forum
John J. LaFalce U.S. Congressman (D-NY) Bilderberg 2002
William J. Luti Special Assistant to the President for Defense Policy and Strategy, National Security Council Bilderberg 2006
George E. Pataki Governor, New York Bilderberg 2006
Richard Perle Chairman of the Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee, 2001-2003 Bilderberg 2001,
Council on Foreign Relations
Rick Perry Governor, Texas Bilderberg 2007
Charles Rangel U.S. Congressman (D-NY) Council on Foreign Relations
Steven Rattner US Treasury advisory committee on IMF matters Bilderberg 2001,
Council on Foreign Relations
Lt. General Gene Renuart USAF Senior Military Assistant to Secretary Rumsfeld North American Forum
Bill Richardson Secretary of Energy Bilderberg 1999, 2000
Eric Ruff Department of Defense Press Secretary North American Forum
Donald H. Rumsfeld Secretary of Defense Bilderberg 2002,
Council on Foreign Relations,
North American Forum
Clay Sell Deputy Secretary of Energy, US Department of Energy North American Forum
Thomas A. Shannon Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs North American Forum
James B. Steinberg Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Bilderberg 2000
Lawrence H. Summers Deputy Secretary for International Affairs, US Department of the Treasury Bilderberg 1998
Mark R. Warner Governor, Virgina Bilderberg 2005
Christine Todd Whitman Governor, New Jersey Bilderberg 1998
Paul Wolfowitz Deputy Secretary of Defense, US Department of Defense Bilderberg 2003
Philip D. Zelikow Counselor of the Department, US Department of State Bilderberg 2006
Robert B. Zeollick Principal Trade Adviser to the President Bilderberg 2003
Robert B. Zeollick Deputy Secretary of State Bilderberg 2006

This list is only part of the participation in the last ten years. It also does not include former members of the groups who held public office after participation, an even larger list which includes almost every recent President of the United States.


  1. George Sutherland (December 21, 1936). United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. (No. 98). Cornell Law School.
  2. Senator Clinton was photographed outside the conference, but was not on the official list of attendees.
  3. "Bob Woodward: Bush Misleads On Iraq", CBS News, October 1, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-12-29.

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