Such is the case for Iran. For Iran to develop as a nation, it must expand its ability to produce energy. China is growing so fast that it is building two power stations every week, with most of its power coming from coal. For Iran it is not that simple. Iran has few resources for power beside oil and gas. The only feasible room to expand is through nuclear power. The United States, World Bank and other international powers benefit from nations like Iran being dependent upon them. By intimidating the world with the idea of Iran possessing nu
clear weapons, they can repress Iran's development into an independent power in the world.
According to an IAEA report, more than 98% of primary energy in Iran is derived from oil and gas resources.
The report says that Iran has approximately 13.1 milliard tons of coal, "but in regard to the existing technologies, only 10 percent of these resources are exploitable and at much higher cost than that of the international level. That is why coal plays only a minor role in Iran's energy supply mix and it is not regarded a viable option in foreseeable future."
As for renewable resources, "because of the limitation of the existing technologies for steady and reliable supply of energy and much higher unit cost of electricity generated by these resources, it is not expected that renewable play a major role in Iran's electricity system in near future."
In regards to resources for nuclear development, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) has found that "Iran's domestic [uranium] reserves might be sufficient enough to supply the raw material for needed nuclear power plants in future."
"According to all the surveys performed in power sector of Iran," the IAEA report says, the "nuclear option is the most competitive to fossil alternatives if the existing low domestic fuel prices are gradually increased to its opportunity costs at the level of international prices."
The IAEA, responsible for promoting "safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies," demonstrates in this document that nuclear development is necessary for Iran to develop its economy. Coal is a cheap and easy means of producing electricity. Fifty percent of electricity in America is generated from coal. In China that number is eighty percent. Building so many coal plants, China's CO2 emissions rose by nine percent last year. The power is also produced at the expense of twenty lives a day, as 6,000 died in Chinese coal mines in 2004. Certainly this is not the path we should encourage for Iran, if the country were even capable of producing coal power effectively.
Rather than work through the IAEA to ensure that Iran can develop nuclear power safely and solely for civilian energy purposes, the United States insists that Iran stop enrichment before they will open any diplomacy with the nation. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which has been signed by both Iran and the U.S., asserts "the inalienable right of all the Parties to the Treaty to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination."
According to the report, Uranium Enrichment and Nuclear Weapon Proliferation, published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), production of weapon-grade nuclear material is a more expensive and complex process than enrichment for electrical energy. A country must either convert an existing nuclear facility or construct a small dedicated facility to produce weapon-grade material. It is a lengthy process of converting large quantities of 3% material to small quantities of 90% material. It would be very difficult to complete this process without the detection of the IAEA.
The IAEA and various governments involved in the Iran nuclear conflict have yet to present any evidence of weapons-grade enrichment or nuclear weapons development. The IAEA does have the following concerns:
Even after three years of inspections and negotiations, several questions remain unanswered, such as the Iranian nuclear program’s connections to A.Q. Khan, the Pakistani weapons scientist who operated an international black market for nuclear technologies...
Iran has not cooperated fully with the IAEA -- Iran has refused to allow IAEA to interview key individuals and to provide complete documentation on its nuclear program...
Iran’s leaders continue to acquire the material, equipment, and expertise to produce nuclear weapons -- Schulte said that the IAEA has reported that Iran has enough uranium hexafluoride to produce 10 nuclear weapons. The IAEA also has reported that Iran has started enriching the material – a crucial step to weapons production.
It is addressing these concerns through meetings with the Irani government in a continuing effort to ensure that Iran's nuclear development is peaceful. So far, Iran has indicated no intention of developing or using nuclear weapons.
Imam Khomeini, who founded the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979, condemned weapons of mass destruction and specifically nuclear weapons:
If they continue to make huge atomic weapons and so forth, the world may be pushed into destruction and the major loss will afflict the nations. Everybody, where he is, the writers, intellectuals and scholars and scientists throughout the world should enlighten the people of this danger, so that the masses of people will standup vis-ŕ-vis these two powers themselves and prevent the proliferation of these arms.
Irani President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has repeatedly made it clear that Iran is pursuing nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, which it has the right to do under the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
The United States is breaking the United Nations treaty as it intimidates Iran with its military at the border and its politicians calling for a stop to enrichment. As you have read here, the IAEA has shown nuclear power to be Iran's best development opportunity. As this writer sees it, there are only two ways for concerned nations like the U.S. to handle this issue: contribute enough wind turbines and solar panels to power a large developing nation, or trust the IAEA to monitor Iran's nuclear program and keep it within the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
Just like the Bush administration does not even consider withdrawal from Iraq an option, they will not consider these two options to solve the Iran conflict either. It is not to their benefit. Independent sovereignty for Iran goes against the agenda of Bush and other elites. Profit comes from controlling Third World countries and using them for their resources. Independence is out of the picture.
Special report submitted by Douglass.