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A new study has revealed that the spectacular images broadcast around the world on September 11th 2001 have had a profound psychological impact upon people.
Researchers at Tufts University School of Medicine and the Newton-Wellesley Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, have found that every single person they assessed during a study has more vivid and intense dreams since the attacks occurred.
Dr. Ernest Hartmann, author of the study, told Reuters Health that he believes everyone who witnessed the attacks has experienced some sort of trauma or emotional arousal.
After posting notices on the website of the Association of Professional Sleep Societies and the International Association for the Study of Dreams, Hartmann was contacted by 11 men and 33 women, aged 22-70, who had been recording their dreams for at least two years.
Each of the participants, none of whom lived in Manhattan, or had any relatives who died in the attacks, provided information about 20 consecutive dreams, 10 before 9/11 and 10 after 9/11.
The results revealed that the post 9/11 dreams featured more intense "central imagery" which is defined in the study as “an image that stands out by virtue of being especially powerful, vivid, bizarre, or detailed.”
The study points out that although these images were not specifically related to planes or buildings, there was an increase in dreams during which the dreamer was attacked.
In a statement Dr. Hartmann said that this is "very consistent with findings in people who have experienced trauma of various kinds."
The study has been published in the February issue of the journal SLEEP.
Other post 9/11 medical and psychological research that has previously revealed how the attacks have affected people.
A Mount Sinai Hospital School of Medicine study that found 200 pregnant women who survived or were nearby when the World Trade Center towers collapsed passed on "markers" of post-traumatic stress disorder to their unborn babies.
In addition a Columbia University study found that the women's babies generally were born earlier, weighed less and were smaller than infants delivered by other Manhattan women. They attributed the phenomenon to the toxic dust and fumes from the site, which included lead and poisonous hydrocarbons.
A University of California August 2002 study revealed that people continued to experience high levels of distress almost one year after the attacks. Other studies revealed similar results, even up to the present day in 2008.
Researchers within the 9/11 truth movement have previously suggested that attacks appeared to be engineered to maximize the psychological impact on Americans, while limiting the fatalities to a few thousand individuals.
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